Essential Guide to Indonesia Export Tax on Crude Palm Oil

Indonesia is a significant player in the global palm oil industry, and understanding the dynamics of its export tax system, particularly on Crude Palm Oil (CPO), is crucial for stakeholders in the palm oil market. The Ministry of Trade (Kemendag) plays a pivotal role in regulating and determining export duties and levies on CPO, profoundly impacting domestic and international trade.

 In this article, we will delve into Indonesia’s crude palm oil (CPO) export tax system, understand how it is determined, and explore its implications for the country’s palm oil industry.

Understanding Indonesia’s Crude Palm Oil (CPO) Export Tax

A. Role of the Ministry of Trade (Kemendag)

The Ministry of Trade (Kemendag) plays a vital role in setting the reference price for palm oil (CPO) products, which is used to determine export duties (BK) and export levies (PE). For 1-15 October 2023, the reference price is 827.37 US dollars per metric ton, marking a 3.57 per cent increase from the preceding period.

B. Export Duty and Export Levy

In adherence to the prevailing regulation (PMK), the government has imposed a CPO export duty of 33 US dollars per metric ton and a CPO export levy of 85 US dollars per metric ton for the same period.

C. CPO Reference Price Determination

The determination of the CPO Reference Price is outlined in the Decree of the Minister of Trade Number 1698 of 2023. This decree addresses Reference Prices for Crude Palm Oil Subject to Export Duty and General Service Tariffs for Palm Oil Plantation Fund Management Bodies. It’s essential to note that different tax rates apply to cooking oil in branded packaging with a net weight of 25 kg or less, per the Minister of Trade Number 1699 2023 Decree.


The Effect Of Progressive Export Tax On Indonesian Palm Oil Industry

The progressive export tax system is designed to adapt to the prevailing market conditions and to promote the domestic palm oil industry. By setting a variable export tax based on the reference price, the Indonesian government aims to balance the interests of producers, consumers, and the state.

The system works as follows:

A. Reference Price Determination

The reference price is determined periodically, considering various factors such as demand, production, and the cost of other vegetable oils.

B. Export Duty and Export Levy

An export duty is imposed when the reference price exceeds a certain threshold. In the case of CPO, this duty currently stands at 33 US dollars per MT. An export levy, which is subject to change, is also imposed. As of October 1-15, 2023, it amounts to 85 US dollars per MT.

C. Market Impact

The palm oil industry feels These taxes and levies. Higher taxes and levies can affect the profitability of palm oil exporters. These costs influence the pricing of palm oil products in the international market.

D. Domestic Consumption

On the domestic front, the policy aims to secure a stable supply of palm oil, including cooking oil, at reasonable prices, which is why the BK for RBD palm olein in branded packaging is set at 0 US dollars per MT, creating favourable conditions for this particular segment.

E. Market Dynamics

The tax system is designed to adapt to changes in market dynamics. When the reference price rises significantly, it triggers higher export duties and levies, which can provide a source of revenue for the Indonesian government.


Indonesia Export Duty On Crude Palm Oil (CPO)

The export duty on Crude Palm Oil (CPO) is a critical component of Indonesia’s palm oil export policy. It is intended to balance the interests of producers and consumers while generating revenue for the government. The specific export duty rate depends on the reference price, with the rate increasing as the reference price rises.

As of October 1-15, 2023, the export duty for CPO is set at 33 US dollars per metric ton. This rate can change over time, reflecting the fluctuations in CPO prices and the government’s objectives. The export duty is an essential source of revenue for the Indonesian government and contributes to the nation’s fiscal resources.


Indonesia CPO Policies

The Indonesian government’s policies regarding Crude Palm Oil (CPO) are multifaceted and take into account various aspects of the palm oil industry:

A. Export Duties and Levies

The progressive export tax system aims to balance the interests of both producers and consumers. It is designed to promote domestic palm oil by adapting to market conditions. The tax rates are determined based on the reference price, and they can change with fluctuations in the market.

B. Domestic Consumption

The government is committed to ensuring a stable supply of palm oil products for domestic consumption. It is evident in the favourable tax treatment of certain products, like RBD palm olein in branded packaging, with a BK set at 0 US dollars per MT.

C. Revenue Generation

Export duties and levies are significant sources of government revenue. They contribute to the country’s fiscal resources and help fund various government initiatives.

D. Market Dynamics

The palm oil industry is sensitive to global market dynamics, including demand, production, and the prices of competing vegetable oils. The government’s policies are designed to adapt to these factors and maintain a balance between the interests of different stakeholders.


How Luwjistik Helps

Here’s how our services can help you effectively manage the challenges and opportunities in the Indonesian palm oil market:

  • Logistics and Supply Chain Management
    • Luwjistik provides a unified API for seamless logistics and supply chain management, offering a digital platform that integrates various aspects of your logistics and supply chain operations. It allows you to monitor and manage your cargo’s journey from source to destination, providing real-time visibility, data, and shipment control.
  • Customised Solutions
    • Luwjistik offers customised solutions tailored to your specific logistics needs, ensuring that your palm oil products are transported and managed efficiently and cost-effectively.
  • Network Expansion
    • Leveraging Luwjistik’s extensive network, you can tap into new markets and broaden your reach in the Indonesian palm oil industry.
  • Customs and Documentation
    • Luwjistik collaborates with a vast network of partners, including customs brokers, to help you navigate Indonesia’s customs processes and documentation requirements.
  • Transparent Pricing
    • Luwjistik maintains transparency in its pricing structure, ensuring that you understand the costs associated with our services.

For further assistance and to explore how Luwjistik can support your CPO shipment in Indonesia, please visit our website at or contact our representatives at